October 6, 2022

Global food crisis calls for soil resilience

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While working as an environmental journalist in Bali for the fifth year. I’ve also met a range of people who have put their hearts and souls into getting a little better off the island. From bird conservationists to botanists Bali has many communities that try to give back.

One of the problems in food and climate — our calling for attention during this time was the space we continued to walk (and build), as my good farmer friend said. In the future, we can eat or not eat.

Indonesia is an archipelago of more than 17,000 islands with fertile soil and large biodiversity. These are two areas that strongly support local food production and contribute to food security.

Farmers could grow 77 carbohydrate crops, 389 fruits, 77 protein sources and 228 vegetables. We may see these numbers go down. unless a more conscious system takes its place.

One of the most pressing problems facing agricultural interests in Bali today is the rapid transformation of productive agricultural lands into non-agricultural uses. Soil erosion is effective when construction disrupts vegetation. eventually leading to infertility in the soil

As a well-known vacation destination and outstanding real estate investment option. Bali and its soil conditions have yet to see a disruption from construction.

at the beginning of this yearDevelopers have seen an increase in domestic and international interest in long-term real estate. Villa construction has skyrocketed. And attention has shifted to self-catering long-term accommodation instead of hotels. Because foreigners choose to lock down and work from Bali.

The rapid shift from arable land to non-farm land is also a threat to Balinese rice culture. There is a report every year, not more than 2,500 rai of rice fields will be converted into housing estates, roads, hotels, shopping and other facilities

Balinese rice cultivation is unique worldwide for its efficient irrigation management. It is the backbone of the rice cultivation system. It also serves as a religious and social community dating back to the ninth century Subak, an ancient irrigation system. It has undergone modern modifications to stimulate agricultural production in the past. In addition to the loss of high-yielding land to excessive construction. One of the most profound shocks to the subak system is a new, high-yielding rice variety that relies heavily on chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

Bali’s farmland is prone to soil degradation. But farmers and governments have not been able to quickly recognize and resolve the issue. including the source

High demand comes with high prices.

last month Indonesia celebrates three years of independence from rice imports Paving the way for rice sufficiency and as a major exporter

As the world’s third largest grain producer Rice production is the engine that drives economic growth. Many countries are looking for the world’s largest islands to alleviate the rice shortage. as a result of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine. The aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic and the growing impact of the climate crisis on production.

to the national rice production 55.27 million tons in 2021 That alone, when the Ministry of Agriculture stated that the country imported as much as 2 million tons of rice before 2019 to meet domestic rice demand.

Indonesia to export rice to China, Brunei and Saudi Arabia Agriculture Minister Syahrul Yasin Limpo said in July that Indonesia must seize the opportunity to export rice. that a nation can become one of the nations that benefit from commodity export profits.

with responsible global food production 31 percent of man-made greenhouse gas emissions The rapid push for rice production will have a negative impact on the world.

There is still a lack of clear data on GHG emissions from Indonesia’s rice fields, which produced nearly 56 million tonnes last year. But if you look at the optimism Global farming can be done in the following ways: As dangerous as 1,200 average-sized coal-fired power plantsAccording to the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF)

Astungkara Way acts as a social enterprise or business with a specific social purpose to fulfill its primary objective. Help farmers transition to regenerative agriculture.

Farmers in Indonesia lack motivation to adopt sustainable practices. Due to the traditional belief that any agricultural problem can be solved with chemicals And new rice varieties need pesticides and fertilizers to stimulate production.

When the global food crisis is imminent We may have to consider the long-term effects of our “old ways” sooner or later. and to better recognize the increasing carbon footprint of global supply chains.

from the ground up

Many of us cannot see how letting our soil deteriorate undermines our ability to feed the world with healthy food. Soil health promotion is a long-term solution to the long-term effects of modern agriculture.

Traditional farming practices such as over-fertilization and tilling are possible. against production on the yield of soil in some cases one study (PDF) reports that fertilization affects soil nutrient content and plant yield by affecting the ability of plants to absorb and distribute the elements. Protecting our soil benefits both the quantity and quality of our crops.

The restoration aims to restore soil and store carbon. while strengthening the food supply chain. It seems to redefine our relationship with soil. like anything else The first step might be the hardest.

Astunkara Way Leading the way in Bali since the summer of 2020 pandemic. A community acts as a social enterprise or business with a specific social purpose. The main objective is to help farmers transition to regenerative agriculture. and working with people and organizations To create roadmaps and implement solutions for being an active participant in the growing reform movement.

“If we are going to move forward as a species We need a new way. Less consumer-driven, faster, more connected and more natural,” explains founder Tim Fijal.

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healthy rice It is one of those initiatives that will incentivize farmers to face challenges such as overcoming initial costs. Creating a stable market for naturally grown rice The organization believes it will spur a movement away from chemical farming.

They are trying to restore 15 acres of land in a village in Gianyar. close to central bali By creating a market for 3 tons of naturally grown rice per month, the initiative will attract farmers in the Subak Uma Lambing Cooperative to inspire others to join the movement. Farmers at Subak Uma Lambing have started growing rice in a sustainable way. Chemical free to ensure people get nourishment. And farmers are appreciated and paid fairly for their hard work.

Beras Sehat (Healthy Rice) is a mature Bali service market. With big names like Potato Head Beach Club buying hundreds of kilograms of food per month. as well as small businesses around The island also supported the movement.

“Another factor driving our market is food donations for the hungry in Bali,” Fijal said.

PrasadThe kitchen runs out of community gardens called Jivaand Green School Bali accepts food donations from Astungkara Way to feed the poor. Volunteers cook and prepare nasi bungus. (Indonesian rice wrapped in banana leaves) hundreds of pieces to distribute weekly at the community-run kitchen. Expansion plans to additional locations are ongoing.

“Donors at Prasad also buy quite a large amount of our rice,” Fijal said. “I think we sold up to 800 kg/month, which ended up donating to charities like Prasad, Bali Street. Mums and a few others.”

Astungkara Way sells about 2 tons of healthy rice per month, “We would like to see that number increase by 10 times or more. The more rice we sell The more we can expand the reform space in Bali,” he said.

Astungkara Way is working to turn sustainable agriculture into An interesting choice for travel It is the main industry of Bali.

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